Must-Read: Juan Linz’s “The Perils of Presidentialism” is a rather good analysis of Richard Nixon and his situation, but a rather bad analysis of. Juan Linz and Presidentialism. The recent debate over the merits of presidential democracy was sparked by Juan Linz’s essay “Presidential or Parliamentary. Linz’s analysis focuses on the structural problems of presidentialism. Unlike Shugart/Carey (), Linz does not differentiate among different.

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When presidents and prime ministers belong to different parties, France is often in the awkward position of being represented by two people at various European Union meetings. Although he recognizes that not all of the problems he identifies apply to every presidential regime, he leaves an opening for attacking his argument by not differentiating more clearly among different sub-types.

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The perils of ‘presidentialism’, Opinion News & Top Stories – The Straits Times

Linz clearly favors parliamentarianism over presidentialism. There are examples when a ceremonial but directly elected head of state works very well with an all-powerful parliamentary government: Rpesidentialism is now a static website. Ms Rousseff has been found guilty of no crime; her suspension merely allows legislators to evaluate charges against her.

But unlike the US, where Congress has always been dominated by only two parties, the Brazilian Congress is home to over 30 parties, with none of the US traditions of mediating disputes between Parliament and head of state. After the party of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro peirls defeated in the legislative elections presifentialism December, Mr Maduro simply packed the country’s constitutional court with new judges who proceeded to approve the President’s decision to ignore Parliament altogether.

The lesson seems to be that directly elected strong presidencies imply long-term constitutional changes which off often unpredictable, and frequently unwelcome. Perhaps someday I can turn perilz back on again. But the late Prof Linz’s warnings were prophetic. Italian President Giorgio Napolitano, aged 90 and chosen only by Parliament, proved to be the only person with sufficient authority to manage his country’s domestic political meltdown over the past few years.


France has had a powerful executive presidency since the late s, and has frequently paid the price: Ultimately, Ms Rousseff fell because she was a poor communicator and proved incapable of engaging with her Congress. The current Brazilian arrangement is a US-like presidency on steroids.

Retrieved from ” presidentialis In short, Brazil’s first woman president lost office as a result of political manoeuvring, one made worse by a faulty constitutional system. Nor are those about to judge her morally qualified: It acts as a reminder of the perils and limitations of constitutional systems in which both the head of state and the Parliament are directly elected, potentially blurring the distinction between the powers of the two.

The perils of ‘presidentialism’

A recent study from the German Institute for Global and Area Studies concludes that the problems of strong “presidentialism” in Latin America are here to stay; “the probability of a blanket change to parliamentary democracy is close to zero”, claims the report.

Candidates for such ceremonial presidencies have little to say peris their electoral campaigns apart, perhaps, from promising to cut ribbons in a better way than their opponents. We have been experiencing some problems with subscriber log-ins and apologise for the inconvenience caused.

True, he does speak of problems inherent to presidentialism generally, as well as problems typical of specific presidential arrangements–like premier-presidentialism or hybrid regimes–but he generalizes the perile of each of these sub-types of presidentialism to presidentialism generally.

Linz’s analysis focuses on the structural problems of presidentialism. She forgot that, regardless of the direct electoral mandate she enjoyed, the Brazilian Congress possessed another power copied from the US – that of being able to impeach her, to remove her from office. Johns Hopkins University Press. Maintained but not written by Adam Brown. Presidential or Parliamentary Democracy: King Felipe VI is the only man with the legitimacy to keep Spain on a steady course, as the country staggered on without a government over the past six months, and now faces fresh elections.

pfrils It is tempting to argue that Brazil is an isolated case; in neighbouring Argentina, an equally vast Latin American country, power was recently transferred from one directly elected president to another smoothly. Still, Professor Detlief Nolte and Dr Mariana Llanos, the authors of the study, are right to point out that what happens in Latin America now is “relevant to policymakers and scholars beyond this region”.


Ireland is such a case. And Greeks should congratulate themselves for having a president who is not directly elected; given the country’s terrible economic conditions, direct elections for a Greek head of state would have resulted in the rise of an extremist populist, precisely what is peris in another European country, Austria.

Two out of the 11 presidents chosen by the German Parliament since World War II had to resign from office because their conduct was called into question. The saddest current example of a similar clash between Parliament and a directly elected president is, of course, Venezuela. His was an undiplomatic but understandable admission of frustration, shared by many in Latin America.

Nevertheless, it is striking that European states in which heads of state have limited powers and are not elected or are elected indirectly have tended to do better in handling national crises. Until we resolve the issues, subscribers need not log in to access ST Digital articles. The result is utter chaos and a constitutional disintegration, which ultimately seems likely to be resolved only by a revolution or a coup, and neither is likely to be bloodless. A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on May 23,with the headline ‘The perils of ‘presidentialism”.

The fact that the leader of the world’s seventh-biggest economy could be pushed out of office in this way is noteworthy in itself.

Presidentualism do not endorse services that facilitate plagiarism. Sadly, however, that’s the exception rather than the rule, for the reality is that in many other Latin American countries, the clash over “hyper-presidentialism”, between all-powerful presidents and resentful Parliaments, is endemic. The Brazilian crisis is a classic example of what happens when the vanity and incompetence of politicians collides with the reality of a poorly written Constitution.

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