participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.
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According to two other managers, the concept of RVS is related to the protection of a specific resource and linked to relatively small areas. Another innovation from Feldmann’s clean bill in the present case is also extremely relevant for the RVS category analysis.
The new Constitution was promulgated in and it had a specific chapter on the environment. The units were created according to policies that encouraged environmental devastation “sometimes on behalf of the development, sometimes as a result of the abandonment of territorial planning, sometimes as a consequence of the pursuit for national integration, or as a result of the most absolute administrative negligence” OLIVEIRA,p.
The national conservation unit system and the wildlife refuge category As for the trajectory of the environmental issue discussion, protected areas proliferated worldwide since the s and human presence in CUs became subject of debates.
Parques | Unidades de Conservação
Revista de Direito e Liberdade. At first glance, the Wildlife Refuge can be considered as a hybrid category, i.
It was possible to identify the shift in the category focus from specific resources to a broader concept of natural environment as a whole, fact that put it very close to the other full protection categories. It suggests that there might be marginal rationalities, in an open pursuit of Enrique Leff’s environmental rationality, i.
At that time, the government started the debates about the SNUC. Regarding the Amazon, the same plan determined the immediate establishment of National Parks and Forests. Souza even lwi the category extinction or its displacement to the group of sustainable use conservation units. In addition, it is in a way linked to species, rather than to the overall environment, and it is also related to small areas. However, the exception is limited to what is provided in the management plan – the management document based on the CU overall goals – which establishes the unit zoning as well as the natural resources management standards.
The current major difficulty lies on the fact that the RVS problem, oei well as the CU management problem in general, is wnuc just about concept, it is a political issue. The RVS category is a conservation unit in the full protection group, i. By making a more accurate and strict analysis, one can assume that the only human activities that could be allowed within full protection CUs would be non-productive in terms of production of goods, such as tourism, education or research.
In the same study, Irving cited by Medeiros, Irving and Garayp. As for the RVS category proposal, the subtle snud main change it was subjected to was the focus on protection. It also analyzes the answers given by the managers of the seven existing federal RVS. April 04, ; Accepted: According to Medeiros, Irving and Garaythe s were particularly relevant to the management of protected areas. Since the ‘s, the focus fell on the industrial pollution control, and it was especially influenced by the United Nations Conference on Environment, held inin Stockholm UN, There are no guarantees that this is the kei way, but there snic not always necessarily only one way.
Inthe predecessor of the concept of sustainable development emerged in Stockholm. The herein proposed reflection is organized in seven sections, namely: This shift 99985 important consequences, which we will discussed later. In this case, the only land use option would be ecotourism, which can be considered as being of indirect use. SNUC, in its broad range of CU categories, meets preservationist and socio-environmentalist goals, and it also allows certain flexibility in categories such as RVS.
How to cite this article.
However, the bill did not present the definition of ‘indirect use’. Faced with the difficulties in managing CUs of a very complex, unknown and rare category, environmental analysts assigned to federal RVS started, ina movement to discuss the standards and guidelines for the management of this category.
The proposal contained 09 conservation unit categories divided in three groups, namely: Silva classifies the CU categories in three groups according to the land ownership origin and control. It raises hypotheses about the concepts involved in the creation of federal RVS and about the possible meaning managers attribute to this category.
Methodology The herein presented research encompasses literature review and documentary research, as well as interviews done with a key-informant who participated in decisive moments related to the preparation of 998 National Conservation Unit System, which is a public policy that set the Wildlife Refuge category in This link is consistent with the statements by the key-informant interviewed during the development of current research.
Brown states that, in the s, a new scientific reference about the social function of protected areas became internationally consolidated due to ethnobiology and to projects that consider ecosystems to be dynamic.
The current study comes from an exploratory research GIL, and it has the aim to deepen the knowledge about an underexplored conservation unit category, namely: One can infer certain “lack of knowledge” in these readings.
The authors highlight that no one paid attention to the interests of traditional communities at any time during the period of developmental actions by the military governmentespecially in the second half of the s. The management of conservation units is not on the agenda, and it probably never was. Dias and Pereira describe the change that occurred in the environmental and political perspectives regarding the development and management of Conservation Units since It encompassed, among its goals, the management of the hitherto existing conservation units National Parks, Biological Reserves and National Forests.
The Santa Cruz RVS also relates to the initial category concept, since its main purpose is to protect sea- or riverbeds colonized by algae and by other benthic communities as well as to protect their associated fauna. These rationalities would be those that coexist with the instrumental rationalities without necessarily submitting to them. It is worth emphasizing that this concept did not exist at the time conservation units were being discussed and created; the term used at that time was protected areas.
The bill also prohibited the introduction of non-native species in the CUs, but it did not mention the exceptions related to the RVS category. A questionnaire comprising 12 questions was sent by email to the key-informant.