Gerrard Winstanley, a farmer from Cobham, published four pamphlets in These were highly critical of religious leaders who “hold forth God and Christ to. Gerrard Winstanley Archive. “In the beginning of Time, the great Creator Reason, made the Earth to be a Common Treasury, but not one word was. Gerrard Winstanley (). The True Levellers Standard Advanced: Or, The State of Community Opened, and Presented to the Sons of Men. Source.

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But the real glory of this edition is the painstaking work that has gone into the extensive notes. And we are assured, that in the strength of this Spirit that hath manifested himself to us, we shall not be startled, neither at Prison nor Death, while we are about his work; and we have bin made to sit down and count what it may cost us in undertaking such a work, and we know the full sum, and are resolved to give all that we have to buy this Pearl which we see in the Field.

Gerrard Winstanley & The Diggers

And if some of you will not grrard to shed your bloud, to maintain Tyranny and Oppression upon the Creation, know this, That our Bloud and Life shall not be unwilling to be delivered up in meekness to maintain universal Liberty, that wnstanley the Curse on our part may be taken off the Creation. O you A-dams of the Earth, you have right Clothing, full Bellies, have your Honors and Ease, and you puffe at this; But know thous wintanley Pharoah, that the day of Judgement is begun, and it will reach to thee ere long; Jacob hath bin very low, but he is rising, and will rise, do the worst thou canst; and the poor people whom thou oppresses, shall be the Saviours of the land; For the blessing is rising up in them, and thou shalt be ashamed.

And you shall be left without excuse. This page was last edited on 7 Septemberat Platt threatened the Diggers with death if they continued their activity and hired several guards to prevent their return to the heath. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.

Gerrard Winstanley Archive

The Law of Freedom and Other Essays. Gerrard Winstanleybaptized Oct. Christopher Hill Harmondsworth,pp. And thus, you Powers of England, and of the whole World, we have declared our Reasons, why we have begun to dug upon George hill in Surrey. Regarding the assertion that the Scriptures are God because the Word was God, Winstanley answered that if God is the written word, then He has been torn to pieces by “the bad interpretations of imaginary flesh.

Its proponents place great emphasis on a shift from the mystical and millenarian to the rational in Winstanley’s thought. Then this Enmity in all Lands will cease, for none shall dare to seek a Dominion over others, neither shall any dare to kill another, nor desire more of the Earth then another; for he that will rule over, imprison, oppresse, and kill his fellow Creatures, under what pretence soever, is a destroyer of the Creation, and an actor of the Curse, and walks contrary to the rule of righteousnesse: If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.


Prior to this time he seems to have contented himself with spotlighting certain passages from Genesis and Revelation in order to demonstrate man’s internal struggles with the Serpent, the Saints’ struggles with ecclesiastical power, and the coming of Christ in all men and women.

And Israels rejecting winstanely outward teachers and rulers to embrace the Lord, and to be all taught and ruled by that ferrard King, that Jeremiah Prophesied shall rule in the new Heavens and new Earth in the latter dayes, will be their Restauration from bondage, Jer.

Hill in particular has at least provided a set of interpretive assumptions winsanley have made Winstanley’s voluminous and occasional writings somewhat coherent.

I say, What are they? And winstaley the Son of manwas gone from the Apostles, his Spirit descended upon the Apostles and Brethren, as they were waiting at Jerusalem; and Rich men sold their Possessions, and gave part to the Poor; and no man said, That ought that he possessed was his own, for they had all things Common, Act. The hand of the Lord shall be upon that Laborer: The arguments for the second school of thought on Winstanley’s religion are represented here by Lotte Mulligan, John K.

In about he married his second wife Elizabeth Stanley and re-entered commerce as a corn chandler.

Back to 3 The Works of Gerrard Winstanley. And we shall not do this by force of Arms, we abhorre it, For that is the work of the Midianites, to kill one another; But by obeying the Lord of Hosts, who hath Revealed himself in us, and to us, by labouring the Earth in righteousness together, to eate our bread with the sweat of our brows, neither giving hire, nor taking hire, but working together, and eating together, as one man, or as one house of Israel restored from Bondage; and so by the gerrar of Reason, the Law of righteousness in us, we endeavour to gfrrard up the Creation from that bondage of Civil Propriety, which it groans gerratd.

Christs working through all men and women would destroy all government and religion.

Gerrard Winstanley

And so the Earth that was made a common Treasury for all to live comfortably upon, is become through mans unrighteous actions one over another, to be a place, wherein one torments another. MGR, “Winstanely,” 57; George’s Hill in Surrey.

Winstanley believed in Christian Universalismthe doctrine that everyone, however sinful, will eventually be reconciled to God; he wrote that “in the end every man shall be saved, though some at the last hour.


And all these, and the like Ruling Powers, makes thee Blind, and hard-hearted, that thou does not, nor cannot lay to heart the affliction of others, though they dy for want of bread, in that rich City, undone under your eys.

The Law of Freedom and other writings, ed. These views sit comfortably with the so-called revisionist interpretation of early modern England, whose practitioners have stressed consensus and contingency rather than class or ideological conflict in their analysis of political and religious instability.

They argue Hill’s interest in Winstanley arose “from his perception of the seventeenth-century writer as modern. William Everard, however, soon left this group, known as the Diggers, and thereafter Gerrard Winstanley was their chief spokesman. The Digging was not merely symbolic; it was a political act, “part of the rising of Christ in sons and daughters which would establish a just commonwealth on earth.

Secondly, then their Page 28 writings is [sic] not the Spirit; but a report or declaration of that law and testimony which was within them. The innovative editorial decision to follow contemporary practice and distinguish the five pre-Digger writings from the later works by having the first volume of this edition reproduce the contents of Several Pieces Gathered into One Volume in the same sequence as they originally appeared is one that I applaud.

Contact our editors with your feedback. Take notice, That England is not a Free People, till the Poor that have no Land, have a free allowance to dig and labour the Commons, and so live as Comfortably as the Landlords that live in their Inclosures. See also Hill, “Religion of Gerrard Winstanley,” 8.

Winstanley was the leader and one of the founders of the English group known as the True Levellers or Diggers for their beliefs, and for their actions. For whereas the People generally in former times did rest upon the very observation of the Sacrifices and Types, but persecuted the very name of the Spirit; Even so now, Professors do rest upn the bare observatin of Forms and Customs, and pretend to the Spirit, and yet persecutes, grudges, and hates the power of the Spirit; and as it was then, so it is now: Winstanley, “Mysterie of Wintsanley Selections from his Works, ed.

It demonstrated God’s power and, it was hoped, would hasten the internal change in men’s hearts. Agrarian socialism Christian anarchism Christianity and politics Christian libertarianism Christian socialism Christian views on poverty and wealth Diggers “True Levellers” Georgism Geolibertarianism Land reform Left-libertarianism Levellers Libertarian socialism Pre-Marx gerrarc Political philosophy Political radicalism Political theology.