Fouquieria splendens. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire. Fouquieria splendens. Plant Database Search. Ocotillo. This upright thorny shrub occurs from southern California east to west Texas and ranges south into. Fouquieria splendens Engelm. Go To Encyclopedia of Life Family: Fouquieriaceae Fouquieria splendens image. Max Licher. VPAP; Field Guide; Web Links.

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The Plant Guide

This page was last edited on 6 Octoberat Views Read Edit View history. Individual flowers are mildly zygomorphic and are pollinated by hummingbirds and native carpenter bees.

Transplanted plants require irrigation to become established, but once established, they can survive on 8 inches of rainfall per year. See all synonyms of Fouquieria splendens. They are orange-red to red rarely pinkish, creamy white or white in var. Ocotillo covered with rare snow in Tucson, Arizona. Log in or create an account to post a comment. Ocotillo in full fouquietia near Lookout Mountain, Phoenix, Arizona.

Shrub to small tree; short trunk cm tall bearing numerous usually simple, erect, spiny branches m high Leaves: Fouquieria splendens is an odd, slender, cactuslike, spiny shrub or small tree 2,5 to 6 m high with little branched or unbranched stems and differentiated short and long fouquierria.

Ideal locations are sunny, open, unrestricted and those where surface water does not collect. How to Prune Hydrangeas. Stems are moderately succulent, intermediate between desert shrubs and true succulents. Leaves are shed whenever the conditions become arid. Once established, these plants should still thrive with little or no additional irrigation in years of normal precipitation, as long as they are planted in areas with naturally year-round moist soils.


Height 10 – 33 ft 3 – fkuquieria Ideal plants have been grown from stem cuttings and from seed. If their direction is not marked, success is again limited. Full Sun Growth Rate: The stamens are attached at the base of fouquireia corolla and there is just one pistil with a superior ovary. The first leaves on new growth produce a petiole leaf stalk which hardens into a sharp spine after the leaf drops off.

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You must be a registered user to access this feature. You must be a magazine subscriber to access this feature. Very distinct plant in our region, particularly good for hummingbirds. The plant branches very heavily at its base, but above that the branches are pole-like and only infrequently divide further, and specimens in cultivation may not exhibit any secondary branches. The first type of leaves is long spoon-shaped, up to 5 splendenx long, is produced only during ssplendens wet season. Tube mm pink to deep purple or creamy white var.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Estimated range shown in yellow. Seeds were parched and ground into flour for mush or cakes. The petiole of spoon-shaped leaves persist after the blades drop, becoming hard, conical spines.

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Bark whitish to grey-green with dark furrows. Ocotillo near Gila Bend, Arizona. Form Upright, Fountain, Upright Columnar. This data was interpolated to estimate average July-August-September precipitation for the latitude and longitude of each plant occurrence location provided Consortium of California Herbaria.

The inflorescence is a dense panicle clustered indeterminately at the tips of each mature fouquueria, generally 5- 10—20 cm long, widely to narrowly conic. Capsule mm long, 3-valved; containing flat, papery-winged seeds. Red Plant Seasonal Interest: Stocky, swollen, caudiciform, almost invisible, with rough and fissured bark.

Ocotillo with leaves outside Tucson Mountains splendenz a rainfall event. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotosWikimedia Commonsand independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Fine Gardening spoendens Issue Preview: Gum from the bark was used to wax leather.

SEINet Portal Network – Fouquieria splendens

Nursery Availability Commonly Available. The stems may reach a diameter of 5 centimeters at the base, and the plant may grow to a height of 10 meters, but growth is very slow. Ocotillo prefers lean, neutral to alkaline soil.

The leaf stalks harden into blunt spines, and new leaves sprout from the base of the spine.