Holden Furber; The English Utilitarians and India. By Eric Stokes. (New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. xvi, $), The American Historical Rev. OTHER REVIEWS. Jacobinism. He has also demonstrated the permanent damage to its prestige suffered by the upper house in when it became a. utilitarianism on Indian education: K. A. Ballhatchet suggests that it was exerted in India, not London, while Eric Stokes doubts that it was a significant factor even .
|Published (Last):||7 September 2016|
|PDF File Size:||9.55 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||18.42 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Apart from this difference of emphasis, the group was drawn together by the feeling of having to wage a common struggle against alien forces which were bent utilutarians sweeping away the old India they loved.
The English utilitarians and India – Eric Stokes – Google Books
The ‘second wave in the gathering tide of anglicization came with Cornwallis, the Governor-General from to Britain was to stamp her image upon India. The fact that territorial dominion had proved itself to be without profit for the Company and Great Britain was quickly seized upon by the free traders.
Having said that, it’s not an easy book to read – large portions of it being discussions utllitarians Malthus’ and Ricardo’s rent theories, and Bentham’s and James Mills ideas of legal systems and how all that was enacted in reality in India.
And they sought to carry their aims by harnessing their cause to the most powerful political force of engilsh time, the interests of British commerce. He acknowledged to the Parlia- mentary Committee that the orders of the Home Authorities had usually to be ondia in the form of a statement of principles or of a retrospective survey of past events. The laconic entry in his diary after the storming of Gawil’gfafH’ during the Assaye campaign indicates his ideal: This was the whole burden of the education dispatch enhlish which has been generally attributed to him.
While seated on the rock, I am, or fancy that I am more thoughtful than when below. Munro, vol 1, pp.
The English Utilitarians and India
It was ironic that this group of men should attain to the fullness of power at the moment when the world of diplomatic and military action, in which their ideas were nurtured, had come to its end. To many governments it has been cumbersome; to some it has been fatal.
Both are in the highest degree conceited of themselves, and full of affected contempt for others. I have sought to show that the nature of these practical aims was deduced logically from their abstract theory, and that both fall into a system whose completeness is more obvious in Indian than in English history. In England rent property was in private hands, and the practical and political difficulties in the way of meeting the financial needs of the State out of rent were insuperable.
Yaduvendra Pundir marked it as to-read Jan 15, Neha Dayal is currently reading it Sep 23, Purchase Subscription prices and ordering Short-term Access To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above.
He was alive to the requirements of economy, efficiency, and a greater consistency of principle. Knowledge would show men their true state and enable them to calculate aright. The whole apparatus for checking and counterbalancing political power, by which Cornwallis sought to prevent its abuse, was re- jected. Political education determined directly the moral forces acting upon the indi- vidual.
He tried, unsuccessfully as it proved, to confine the British element in the administration to the Supreme Government at Calcutta, and to leave the ordinary provincial administration in the hands of the old Indian official class.
Full text of “The English Utilitarians And India”
There remained the final, but in some ways, the most vital point at which the Utilitarian theory touched the Indian question. No power will then exist in the country by which the rights vested in the landholders by the regulations can be infringed or the value of landed property affected.
He consciously broke with the personal, authori- tarian tradition of Indian government, and based his work explicitly annd the principles of the English political tradition.
The feeble and ignorant must be placed in a state of collision with the strong and intelligent, for this was the only way of sharpening and invigorating their faculties and of raising them amd the scale of society. Mill had ruled out its chief security, representative democracy. A few pages of history give more insight into the human mind, in a more agreeable manner, than all the metaphysical volumes that ever were pub- lished.
It was the veneration of indai great power that had passed away; and the superstition that continued to give homage to the shrine which we had addressed to propitiate our rise, was sanctioned by the example of the wisest among nations.
The Reform of the Administration 2. Happiness and not liberty was the end of government, and happiness was pro- moted solely by the protection of the individual in his person and property. Papers of Metcalfe, pp. It was the least obtrusive method of evangelizing, the least likely to create any social or political disturbance. But their political instincts were traditional and sentimental.
The pro- cess of appeal would consist incia in a view of the recorded proceedings of the original court. This was the policy of assimilation of the anglicizing movement. Sign In Forgot password?
Madihah marked it as to-read Jan 06, The natives of this country have enough of their own to answer every useful object of internal administration, and if we maintain and protect them, the country will in a very few months settle itself. The need could be met only by reducing the status of the semi-mdependent presidencies of Madras and Bombay to subordinate units of one strong central government, and so imposing unity and uniformity.
The solution of the problem had entailed sweeping away the decaying englsh of indirect rule, initiated by Clive and qnd in another form by Englsh, by which the Company had attempted to limit its interference and work largely through the native system of administration. There were, of course, important differences of opinion among this group, but in broad terms these general features marked the attitude of them all.
All that Government can do is, by maintaining the internal peace of the country, and by adapting its principles to erc various feelings, habits, and character of its inhabitants, to give time for the slow and silent operation of the desired improvement, with a constant impression that every attempt to accelerate this end will be attended with the danger of its defeat.
It is true that Munro was able to combine such an outlook with an expert and detailed knowledge of revenue affairs, and that Malcolm insisted upon a thorough know- ledge of details as the only basis for a true grasp of the art of Indian administration.