Mater et Magistra has 10 ratings and 3 reviews. Marie said: Do you want a short summary of Catholic Social Teaching? Yes? Then this encyclical is very mu. La remuneración del trabajo no es algo que pueda dejarse a las leyes del mercado, ni debe ser una decisión que se deja a la voluntad de los. Encíclica Mater et magistra por JUAN XXIII La iglesia como madre y maestra. Sobre el desarrollo de la cuestión social. Calidad de vida.

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The excess of births over deaths will therefore show a steep rise, whereas there will be maer corresponding increase in the productive efficiency of the economy.

Drawn together by their common needs nations are becoming daily more interdependent. It also puts into the hands of public authority a greater means for limiting fluctuations in the economy and for providing effective measures to prevent the recurrence of mass unemployment.

It was at such a time and under pressure of such circumstances as these that Leo XIII wrote his social encyclical, Rerum Novarumbased on the needs of human nature itself and animated by the principles and spirit of the Gospel.

It cannot, therefore, hold aloof from economic matters. At the same time, however, this assessment of the increased efficiency of social and economic systems in a growing number of communities serves also to bring to light certain glaring discrepancies.

In that broadcast message the great Pontiff claimed for the Church “the indisputable competence” to “decide whether the bases of a given social system are in accord with the unchangeable order which God our Creator and Redeemer has shown us through the Natural Law and Revelation.

Consequently, a purely theoretical instruction in man’s social and economic obligations is inadequate. They are necessary, too, if they are to attain an equal footing with other professional classes who, in most cases, have joined together in associations. Moreover, they should join together in co-operative associations to gain for themselves the benefits and advantages that usually can be gained only from large organizations.

Let us be quite clear on this point. It is a source of profound satisfaction to Us to see the prominent part which is being played by Catholic citizens of the less wealthy countries in the economic and social development of their own State.

It in no way corresponds to the contribution they make to the good of the community, to the profits of the company for which they work, and to the general national economy.

Where this situation obtains, justice and equity demand that public authority try to eliminate or reduce such imbalances. But we must realize that they are essentially instrumental in character.

Here We would like to express Our sincere appreciation of the work which the F. The Church aims rather at securing that the institution of private property be such as it should be according to the plan of the divine Wisdom and the dispositions of Nature. It must be spread by every modern means at our disposal: No trivia or quizzes yet.


We shall return shortly to the question of the family farm. Certainly one of the principal characteristics which seem to be typical of our age is an increase in social relationships, in those mutual ties, that is, which grow daily more numerous and which have led to the introduction of many and varied forms of associations in the lives and activities of citizens, and to their acceptance within our legal framework. We are bound above all to consider as an ideal the kind of farm which is owned and managed by the family.

Mater et Magistra: Christianity and Social Progress

They may even go so far as to bring discredit on the Church’s teaching, lending substance to the opinion that, in spite of its intrinsic value, it is in fact powerless to direct men’s lives. It is not enough merely to formulate a social doctrine. But it is not enough to assert that the right to own private property and the means of production is inherent in human nature. They think more highly of an income which derives from capital and the rights of capital.

It must be translated into reality. Hence, when rulers of mmagistra appeal to justice and the magisttra of justice, they not only disagree on terms, but often increase the tension that exists between their States. But others too, men of good will from every nation in the world, were impelled, under mafer of human necessity, to pursue the same course. Small wonder, then, that the Catholic Church, in imitation of Christ and in fulfilment of His commandment, relies not merely upon her teaching to hold aloft the torch of charity, but also upon her own widespread example.

As these mutual ties binding the men of our age one to the other grow and develop, governments will the more easily achieve a right order the more they succeed in striking a balance between the autonomous and active collaboration of individuals and groups, and the timely coordination and encouragement by the State of these private undertakings. We are, enciclida course, well aware that overproduction, especially in agriculture, can cause economic harm to a certain section of the population.

People must also be shown ways in which they can properly mated these obligations. All such reforms should correspond as nearly as possible with those amter in industry and the various services. They are not supreme values in themselves.

Mater et Magistra: Christianity and Social Progress by Pope John XXIII

Here is a spectacle for all the world to see: It is Our prerogative to be a Father, and there is a special place in Our thoughts and in Our heart for those professional groups and Christian associations of workers which exist and operate in so many parts of the world. It must therefore aim at implanting and fostering among the faithful an awareness of their duty to carry on their economic and social activities in a Christian manner.


Justice is to be observed not only in the distribution of wealth, but also in regard to the conditions in which men are engaged in producing this wealth. The almost limitless horizons opened up by scientific research only go to confirm this truth.

Encíclica Mater et magistra by cesar rodriguez on Prezi

In a number of countries all classes of citizens are taking a part in public life, and public authorities are injecting themselves more each day magitra social and economic matters. The right of private ownership of goods, including productive goods, has permanent validity. Hence, though the Church’s first care must be for souls, how dnciclica can sanctify them and make them share in the gifts of heaven, she concerns herself enccilica with the exigencies of man’s daily life, with his livelihood and education, and his general, temporal welfare and prosperity.

Its remuneration, therefore, cannot be made to depend on the state mgaistra the market. A trend of people moving away from farms toward cities was partly due to economic growth, but also reflected depression in the occupation of farming and inadequate standards of living in rural areas. This, he taught, necessitated an orderly reconstruction of society, with the establishment of economic and vocational bodies which would be autonomous and independent of the State. He feels himself free in the very depth of his being, and freely raised up to God.

It must not be the special interests of individuals or groups, nor unregulated competition, economic despotism, national prestige or imperialism, nor any other aim of this sort. The Pope magsitra on disproportions that exist between the population and the amount of arable land, as well as different levels of agricultural methods, in different parts of the world. State and public ownership of property is very much on the increase today. Then, too, the Catholics of the wealthier States are doing all they can to increase the effectiveness of the social and economic work that is being done for the poorer nations.

Similarly, Our Predecessor, Pius XII, rightly asserted that our age is marked by a clear contrast between the immense scientific magisrta technical progress and the fearful human decline shown by “its monstrous masterpiece.

Thanks for telling us about the problem. Nevertheless, in some of these lands the enormous wealth, the unbridled luxury, of the privileged few stands in violent, offensive contrast to the utter poverty of the vast majority.

But today’s experience of so much disillusionment and bloodshed only goes to confirm those words of Scripture: