The dual mandate is an expression of the fundamental principles of European imperialism in tropical Africa as theorized by Sir Frederick Lugard (–). L95 Dual mandate In British tropical Africa, 3 The original of this book is in the Cornell Sir F. D. LUGARD g.c.m.g., c.b., d.s.o. HON. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only.

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Although, the Yoruba possessed a centralized political system, it was less autocratic than the Sokoto Caliphate. Although they were initially alarmed by it, the British government backed the proposal after subjecting it to mandatee redrafting and it was eventually enacted. The series of intermittent armed clashes that took place up to mid mandatte known as the Karonga Waror sometimes the Arab War. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.

This was to become the famous West African Frontier Force. The chiefs were expected to transmit these received instructions to the indigenous people and see to their implementation. He became the first chancellor, despite a cold receptions from the imperial Colonial Office and local British companies, such as the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation.

Early 20th-century European poses with African Pigmies Wikimedia. In Northern Nigeria, Lugard permitted slavery within traditional elite families.

As custodian of Africa’s resources, however, imperial Europe was committed to Africa’s development and the advancement and welfare of its people. In Northern Nigeria, therefore, Lugard found the necessary centralized political structure and preexiting taxation and court systems critical for indirect rule to work.

Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Some of his justifications included spreading Christianity and ending ‘barbarism’ such as human sacrifice. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.


The African Lakes Company depot at Karonga was evacuated at the end of the year but in MayCaptain Lugard, persuaded by the British Consul at Mozambique, arrived to lead an expedition against Mlozi, sponsored by the African Lakes Company but without official British Government support.

Lugard aggravated many groups in Yorubaland when he ignored tradition and arbitrarily elevated the status of some rulers.

Frederick Lugard

He was recalled from Ngami by the British government and sent to West Africa, where he was commissioned to raise a native force to protect British interests in the hinterland of the Lagos Colony and Nigeria against French aggression. Indirect Rule in British Africa. For Lugard, it was also vital that Britain gain control of unclaimed areas before GermanyPortugal or France claimed the land and its resources for themselves.

Indirect rule was thus less successful here. A very deep devotion and partnership grew up between them. During his tenure, Lugard proposed to return Weihaiwei to the Chinese government, in return for the ceding of the rented New Territories in perpetuity.

In the African Lakes Company set up a base in Karonga to exchange ivory for trade goods from these Swahili merchants. Hong Kong University Press. He preferred to advance prominent Hausa and Fulani leaders from traditional structures.

The administration of the caliphate came under the central authority of the caliph and a number of emirs who headed sub-units of the state, the emirates.

As theorized by Lugard, the native authority retained, as much as possible, its traditional powers and character. In AugustLugard departed on foot from Mombasa for Uganda to secured British predominance over German influence in the area and put an end to the civil disturbances between factions in the kingdom of Buganda.

Lugard, chose an emblem to appear on various colonial flags.

In addition, these resources and inexpensive native labour slavery having been outlawed by Britain in would provide vital fuel for the industrial revolution in resource-depleted Britain, as well as monies for public works projects.

During this period he served first on the Temporary Slavery Commission and was involved in organising the Slavery Convention.


Frederick Lugard | British colonial administrator |

Their first interior trading post was established at Machakos miles in from the coast. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

Proconsular Imperialism in Southern and Eastern Africa, The White Tribe of Kenya. To shield British spheres of influence from external intrusion, the British Foreign Office declared dul as Protectorates. Initial difficulty of European administration.

Full text of “The dual mandate in British tropical Africa”

Barack Obama, 44th president of the United States —17 and the first African American to hold the…. He believed that “the typical African Colonial taxation was, for instance, in the eyes nandate the local taxpayer the chief’s initiative. However, when the company…. But the established traditional route to Machakos was a treacherous journey through the large Taru Desert—93 miles of scorching dust bowl.

December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Lugard argued that Africa’s enormous resources lay wasted not only because Africans did not recognize their uses and value, but also because they did not possess the know-how mandatee develop and exploit them. It was in Northern Cual, however, that the system had its most profound expression. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia.

Dual Mandate, Africa

Though to modern critics of colonialism there may seem maandate to criticize in his ideas and actions, there can be no questioning the great range and effectiveness of the three periods of his work: By the time Lugard resigned as commissioner inthe entire Nigeria was being peacefully administered under the supervision of British residents.

Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of A Concise History of Hong Kong. She was a writer for The Times and coined the place-name Nigeria.