Roberto Bellarmino was born in Montepulciano in , and at the age of 18 entered and became a professor of theological controversies at the Roman College. In Pope Pius XI () beatified Roberto Bellarmino as a saint. Roberto Bellarmino was born into a noble family in Montepulciano in Tuscany. Hujus Temporis Haereticos (Disputations about the Controversies of the Christian biography of Bellarmine is James Broderick, Robert Bellarmine, Saint and. St. Robert Bellarmine, Italian in full San Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino, the Controversies of the Christian Faith Against the Heretics of This Time”).

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Robert Bellarmine |

In this work, Bellarmine brought order to the chaos of theological arguments between Catholics and Protestants. Catechetical and Spiritual Works. Others have suggested that it was delivered inbut that there were no legal grounds for doing so. His writings turned spiritual.

He had written against pluralism and non-residence of bishops within their dioceses.

Bellarmine would be plagued throughout his life with ill health. Bellarmine urged Galileo to be patient. Bellarmine wrote the preface to the new Sixto-Clementine Vulgate. Articles incorporating a citation from the Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference CS1 maint: Natural philosophy formed an important part of his studies there, but it appears to have been wholly and routinely Aristotelian in character.

These lectures became the foundation of his greatest work, Disputationes de controversiis Christianae fidei huius temporis haereticos known as the Controversiesa three-volume synthesis of Catholic theology that appeared in, and On the other hand, he also appeared to concede the traditional; Augustinian maxim: In poor health, in he made a journey to Italy.

Galileo was one of the first users of the telescope. Bellarmine spent much of his time in theological controversies, mostly involving papal power.

St. Robert Francis Romulus Bellarmine

Bellarmine spent much of his time in theological controversies, mostly involving papal power. Likewise at this time he sat on the final commission for the revision of the Vulgate text. Edited by Gerard Smith, pp.

He wrote a Hebrew grammar text to help his students, which became very popular. He took up too–as is witnessed by his letter to Galileo’s friend Foscarini–exactly the right attitude towards scientific theories in seeming contradiction with Scripture. Ebllarmino lived simply and with austerity and died a pauper. It is a series of quotations. He took part in the preparation of the Clementine edition —92 of the Vulgate.


The year before, inin a letter to Antonio Foscarini author of a Lettera During these years, St. Saint Robert Bellarmine, S. Completing his studies in Louvain, Bellarmine was ordained a priest in Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.

They contrroversias a lucid and uncompromising statement of Roman Catholic doctrine.

When Galileo later complained of controversiaas to the effect that he had been forced to abjure and do penance, Bellarmine wrote out a certificate denying the rumors, stating that Galileo had merely been notified robeerto the decree and informed that, as a consequence of it, the Copernican doctrine could not be “defended or held”.

That his opponents did not accept his arguments, wan as they seem to us today, was due mainly to the fact that the norms for the proper interpretation of Scripture were one of the two main issues then dividing Protestants and Catholics.

However, so tension filled was the issue that the friends could not resolve it. This distinction between two epistemologically different types of astronomy was a time-honored one, taking its origin in the medieval debates over the relative merits of the Aristotelian and Ptolemaic astronomies.

From the initial article written by Gaillard Hunt, an archivist at the Library of Congress and a convert to Catholicism, in studies were published supporting both sides of this debate in the pages of many of beplarmino most scholarly journals of our country. His three-volume Disputationes de controversiis was by far the most effective piece of Catholic polemic scholarship of the century.

St. Robert Bellarmine | Italian cardinal |

Bellarmine’s systematic studies of theology began at Padua in andwhere his teachers were adherents of Thomism. It seems incomprehensible that the consummate renaissance man would have to wait until to be elevated to the altars of the Church — years for a man of his achievement and holiness. This revision had been desired by the Council of Trentand subsequent popes had laboured over the task and had almost brought it to completion. Whilst he was there news reached him that Sixtuswho had warmly accepted the dedication of his “De Controversiis”, was now proposing to put its first volume on the Index.


Bellarmine lived to see one more conclavethat which elected Gregory XV February, Bellarmine had never been in pastoral ministry. He had a far keener appreciation of what language is, and what the conditions for communication are. Robert Bellarmine Parish, Andover, Massachusetts and announced to the pastor: Upon his return to Rome inBellarmine resumed his responsibility as spiritual director within the Collegio Romano. Also, any attempt to interpret holy scripture that ignored the commentaries of the Fathers smacked of practices of the reformed churches and violated the Council of Trent.

At most, we can say that Bellarmine could have indirectly contributed a wording of this theory, which appeared in the Declaration of Independence itself. Having been ordained there, he quickly obtained a reputation both as a professor and a preacher, in the latter capacity drawing to his pulpit both Catholics and Protestantseven from distant parts. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Despite his father’s initial opposition, he entered the novitiate at Rome in In addition to his significant theological contributions, Bellarmine took a personal interest in the poor, to whom he gave all his funds.

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If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go bellarimno edit mode requires login. The Church had used St. For six years he lectured on the Summa Theologica of St. Crowds came to hear him. He prayed that God would stay the movement of the sun: His controversial works provoked many replies, and were studied for some decades after his death.