Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Bass Clarinet. Alto Sax. Tenor Sax. Baritone Sax. Bassoon. Trumpet. F Horn. Trombone/Baritone. Learn more about Vincent Cichowicz in the Encyclopedia of Trumpet Players.

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Each exercise begins with a half step.

Each exercise adds one beat of sixteenths to the pattern. They were originally a creation of Vincent Cichowicz, one of the great trumpet players and teachers of trumpst last century.

It was how he related cichowidz air flow to articulation that helped me the most in my career. By keeping the air flowing in this manner one can tongue faster and do it for longer stretches.

Flow Studies Vol. 1 (Cichowicz)

Then, I would slur two notes and tongue two notes, then slur two, tongue six, etc. Your airstream should resemble one long arch.

As you begin to get into higher ranges, make sure to blow fast and thick air over the top of the slur. These are good exercises to do in unison with a teacher, or another player, and work on blending cichowivz tones and pitch. What I listen for is: A good illustration of this is the rain bird sprinkler at a golf course.


Before playing each measure as written, I would play the rhythmic pattern on one repeated note See example. Classical Trumpet Performance, Teaching. Cicyowicz so many players would clamp down or negatively compress the air not that all compression is bad, I have come to learn.

Often a player will blow into the middle of a note, and then before changing to another, back off of the air, make the change, and then blow into the next note.

He taught me that staccato tonguing can be an aural illusion. Do not let individual notes get bumps, and above all else, never allow any inflection on individual notes.

Cichowicz Technique, reprinted from the International Trumpet Guild Magazine

Do not stop in the middle, and hold the last note long, at least double what is written. Use this as an easy reminder to not trukpet valves change how we feed air into the trumpet. The water flows constantly as the arm bounces off the water stream.

These simple exercises are known and used by trumpet players all over the world.

Books by Vincent Cichowicz

They may seem easy to play, however, doing them correctly takes lots of practice, but ccichowicz really develop your sound and singing ability on the trumpet. They are perfect because they start in an easy register and cjchowicz move outward, expanding not only in range but also in length. I found this a great way to make the staccato illusion happen.


A string of sixteenth notes played with crisp articulation will sound like short notes, but the airflow remains constant.

Sometimes I just tell students to hold the last note until they run out of air. This exercise should be practiced single tongued and with a metronome. I am sure it was obvious to Cichowicz that on bad days or even good ones I was inhibiting or restricting my air flow.

Neal Berntsen | Cichowicz Technique, reprinted from the International Trumpet Guild Magazine

I would play scale patterns from the Williams scales book. First, I would play them articulating every eight notes, then every four notes, then every two. Also, a much more in depth explanation from a friend and past teacher, Mark Dulin: The patterns consist of steady running notes. I can listen to someone playing these, and really know a lot about where they are in their trumpet development.