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The Managua Lectures ; trad.

Wit and innovation

Which elements of praxis and discourse give rise to unpredicted outcomes? It shouldn’t come as a surprise that in regard to successful witticism I am going to say nothing about dreams and much about phronesiswhich is the practical shrewdness and sense of measure that guides an agent in the absence of a network of protection from his fellow beings. Wit brings this fragment to light.

Wit is the logical and linguistic diagram of enterprises that interrupt the circular flow of experience in situations of historical or biographical crisis.

Wit constantly demonstrates that there are many different and even contrasting ways to comply with the same norm. Of course it is bizarre and worse even.

Rather than focusing on its affinity with the labour of dreams and the functioning of the subconscious, I would like to highlight the tight connection between wit and praxis in the public sphere. La sua natura e il suo posto nel mondoFeltrinelli, Milano It is no surprise that, having attributed it to language in general, that is, to human nature, Chomsky goes on to conclude that creativity is an unfathomable mystery.


Here is the first. Far from being situated above or outside of norms, human creativity is even sub-normative: Chomsky and Gehlen only point to the reasons why the lame man can react this way to the blind man’s involuntary provocation besides many other less surprising probllemi The science of birdsong, Academic Press, New York.

It is the microcosm inside which we can neatly discern changes in the direction of arguments and shifts in meaning, that in the macrocosm of human praxis cause a variation in a form of life. This general premise is articulated in two subordinate hypotheses that we ought to state now. It is legitimate to deduce the conditions under which conduct can vary from some defining features of our chomsy, but it would be a glaring mistake to identify these conditions of possibility with the particular logical-linguistic abilities used to actually modify a particular behaviour.

Linguaggio e problemi della conoscenza – Noam Chomsky – Google Books

Along with Peirce and mathematicians, I intend diagram to be the sign that reproduces a miniature version of the structure and internal proportions of a given phenomenon like an equation or a geographical map. Prohlemi human animal is capable of changing forms of life and diverting from consolidated habits and rules.

Wit has much to do with one of the most insidious problems of linguistic praxis: Abstract In this paper, we will try to provide an adequate level of comparison between music and language, especially by analyzing the role of syntax.

The really interesting point is to understand the circumstances and conditions where a paralogism ceases to be a paralogism, that is, where it can no longer be considered mistaken or false in logical terms. Linguaggio e problemi della conoscenzail Mulino, Bologna Zazzi Donatella, Ricordi Unicopli, Milano Here a delicate question arises: However, isn’t it bizarre to ground the creativity of homo sapiens on reasoning in vicious circles and error? A tautological reference to ‘human nature’ explains neither the state of equilibrium, nor exodus from it.


Semantica psicologica della musica, trad.

So far so good; however, why does this unremitting independence only occasionally give rise to unusual and unexpected verbal performances? Cure materne e origini del linguaggio, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino.

But it would be foolish to believe that someone is so foolish to warmly support such a hypothesis. The second subordinate hypothesis is that the logical form of wit consists in an argumentative fallacy; that is, an undue inference or an incorrect use of a semantic ambiguity. Yet this still fails to answer the crucial question: Wit is the diagram of innovative action.

Linguaggio e problemi della conoscenza

Studies in the evolution of language, Oxford University Press, Oxford. Vice versa an investigation into the logical and linguistic resources that only become prominent in crisis emphasises the dwlla of innovation as well as throwing a different light on repetitive behaviour.

How is a state of equilibrium broken? Sintassi, musica e linguaggio. Per una logica del cambiamento[Wit and innovation.