Bunt mas i inne pisma socjologiczne. Front Cover. José Ortega y Gasset. Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, – pages. Title, Bunt mas. Author, José Ortega y Gasset. Translated by, Piotr Niklewicz. Publisher, Muza, ISBN, , Length, pages. Title, Bunt mas. Author, José Ortega y Gasset. Publisher, Muza, ISBN, , Length, pages. Export Citation, BiBTeX.

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Art invites us, in his view, to join gasse intellectual game of exploring dehumanised forms, beneath the surface of which there is no longer any room for the truth about the real world. Historyreasonpolitics. At that time, the status of the artist changed, art changed, and the viewer changed as well.

Bunt MAS – Jose Ortega Y Gasset | eBay

We believe that comparison and analysis of these partly congruent, partly conflicting proposals may prove to be of cognitive value and to provide useful tools for the further study of contemporary art.

Programmatically, it assumes a departure from the dead canons of the past and the elevation of man above his human dimension, detaching him from reality by means of its conscious deformation. At the same ams, it fled from pathos, seriousness, missionary zeal and transcendence.

This slogan was one of the manifestations of the crisis mae twentieth-century European culture proclaimed by Ortega y Gasset.

Ortega y Gasset drew attention to the advancing process of elitarisation of the new art, which, in the moment of crisis of the traditional aesthetic values of democratic, egalitarian societies, was its only salvation.

Hans-Georg Gadamer on art Gadamer perceived, of course, the generally acknowledged crisis of contemporary art, believing that it was the result of transformations that took place in Europe in the nineteenth century when the centuries-old tradition of Western Christian art was interrupted. Gadamer, Estetyka i hermeneutyka, op. Without a doubt, the most important aspect in hermeneutical reflections on art is that art has a relationship with the truth, that it is a cognitive experience, i.

Similarly, the true experience of art means taking a work as modern and up to date, and its truth as present. The specificity of the language is based primarily on the fact that art speaks to the viewers in a very powerful way; the sense of the truth of a work of art, though never fully gaeset, appears as if obvious.


Bunt MAS – Jose Ortega Y Gasset

According ortgea the Spanish thinker, the crisis of the entire contemporary culture, and art in particular, was inextricably linked to the condition of European societies in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Works of art connect people with one another and bind them in a common dialogue. Haddox – – Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 2 3: Visit our Help Pages.

For Ortega y Gasset, as for Husserl, the Cartesian ‘ cogito ergo sum ‘ is insufficient to explain reality. Orteya Learn how and when to remove this template message.

José Ortega y Gasset

As an eyewitness to the changes in art which took place at the beginning of the twentieth century, Ortega y Gasset was sure that art, on the threshold of that century, had been launched on a road from which there would be no turning back.

Remember me on this computer. Ortega y Gasset, who was one of the heralds of a catastrophic vision of the future of the human world in its previous form, nevertheless did not surrender to utterly defeatist thinking. The audience immediately divides itself into two groups: This system of thought, which he introduces in History as Systemescaped from Nietzsche’s vitalism in which life responded to impulses; for Ortega, reason is crucial to create and develop the above-mentioned project of life.

Amazon Second Chance Pass it on, trade it in, give it a second life. Index Outline Category Portal. Ortega y Gasset’s influence was considerable, not only because many sympathized with his philosophical writings, but also because those writings did not require that the reader be well-versed in technical philosophy.

Thus, hermeneutics encompasses aesthetics.

José Ortega y Gasset – Wikipedia

But could art on such a basis preserve any cognitive value? Liberalism portal Politics portal.

Schools History of liberalism Contributions to liberal theory. Selected essays], Warsawp. Ortega y Gasset seems to occupy the opposite pole; for him, art is frivolous, ironic game lacking a metaphysical dimension.

Every experience of this art is alienating in the sense that while in contact with it, the viewer is left to his own devices. Festival of Art or Crisis of Art? Retrieved from ” https: The third element of the definition proposed by Gadamer, festival, encompasses and expresses all of the above- mentioned elements of the experience of art.


The experience of art becomes a personal challenge for the individual, who decides either to submit to the new rules of the game, or, as Ortega y Gasset said, rejects the new and incomprehensible art.

Contemporary artists broke away from the art of the past because a new type of viewer had appeared. This article has no associated abstract. Metaphor was, at the same time, another essential feature of dehumanised art. The new art began to operate mainly through irony, which often took the form of self-mockery. Retrieved 11 September Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

The polarisation of society and the negation of the unifying ideals of traditional art had therefore become the tangible results of the activity of contemporary artists. Get to Know Us. The first, inis by a translator who wanted to remain anonymous, [16] generally accepted to be J.

The basis of this radical social effect of art ortegga the first decades of the twentieth century was, first and foremost, the break with tradition. This stood at the root of his Kantian -inspired perspectivism[1] which he developed by adding a non-relativistic character in which absolute truth does exist and would be obtained by the sum of all perspectives of all lives, since for each human being life takes a concrete form and life itself is a true radical reality from which gasser philosophical system must derive.

At the same time, there is still no answer to the question of whether the changes which have taken place in art have led to its rebirth in a completely new form or to a crisis. Gadamer thinks most seriously about human artistic activity, and thus comes near to the ancient approach to art, treating it on a level with philosophy as one of the possible ways to reach the truth about reality.

Jakub Szczepanski Jagiellonian University.

The latter made him internationally famous. The meaning of the new art appeared, therefore, at the moment of recognition of the purely aesthetic value of the work.