ARISTOLOCHIA BRACTEATA PDF

Aristolochia bracteolata is a perennial, or rarely annual, mostly prostrate but occasionally climbing or suberect, unpleasantly smelling herb growing from 10 – Learn more about Aristolochia uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Aristolochia. Common name: Worm Killer, Dutchman’s Pipe, Bracteated Birth Wort • Bengali: কীরামার Kiramar, Patuvanga • Gujarati: કીરામાર Kiramar • Hindi: कीटमार.

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USA Today April 16, There are six to 40 stamens in one whorl.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Document specific search options Title.

AA-1 showed strong activity against Moraxella catarrhalis standard strain and clinical isolates and sea urchin-derived Bacillus sp. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. They are united with the style, forming a gynostemium.

International Journal of Bacteriology

Test Microorganisms a Standard strains: Aristolochia bracteolata is a climbing or prostrate perennial herb with an unpleasant smell, stems cm tall from an underground rhizome. The whole plant of Aristolochia bracteolata was extracted successively with MeOH and subjected to liquid-liquid fractionation with n -hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and n -butanol.

Aristolochi bracteolata is usually gathered from the wild. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Whole-genome and exome analysis of individuals with a known exposure to aristolochic acid revealed a higher rate of somatic mutation in DNA. Although AA-1 is highly effective in killing M.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of methanol extract against gram-positive, gram-negative, and fungal strains were investigated by the agar disk diffusion method.

It is also used bracteqta the treatment of tumors and malaria and for fevers [ 14 ], but bratceata usage as an antimalarial is not recommended in its crude form. Aristolochic acid was linked to aristolochic acid-associated urothelial cancer in a Taiwanese study in Occurrence Occurrence Occurrence Records.

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Look up aristolochia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Although AA-1 had strong activity against M. The Chinese government currently lists the following Aristolochia herbs: Abstract A bioassay-guided fractionation of methanol extract of Aristolochia bracteolata whole plant was carried out in order to evaluate its antimicrobial activity and to identify the active compounds in this extract.

Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc.

India Biodiversity Portal

Retrieved from ” https: There are many cases of nephropathy reported in the literature caused by the systemic and long term application of Chinese snakeroot Aristolochia fangchi ; this highlighted the risk of using preparations which contain aristolochic acids [ 23 ].

Moraxella catarrhalis, Bacillus cereus, Aeromonas hydrophila, Salmonella typhi, Vibrio cholerae, and Yersinia enterocolitica.

Modification of the AA-1 to AA-1 methyl ester completely abolished the antibacterial activity of the compound and the piperonylic acid moiety of AA-1 which suggested that the coexistence of phenanthrene ring and free carboxylic acid is essential for AA-1 antibacterial activity. Both the piperonylic acid moiety of AA-1 Figure 1 and AAmethyl ester showed no activity against bacteria Table 2which suggests that the coexistence of phenanthrene ring and free carboxylic acid is essential for AA-1 antibacterial activity.

The experiment was replicated two times to confirm the reproducible results. View at Google Scholar S. Plants remain an important source of diverse chemical entities which have been used as drugs or provide scaffolds from which new drugs have been derived [ 10 ]. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references Commons category link is on Wikidata Taxonbars with 20—24 taxon IDs.

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Aristolochia bracteolata – Useful Tropical Plants

Dictionary of Economic Plants. In spite of the fact that herbal remedy is a mixture of many chemicals in unknown doses and might result in unpleasant side effects, many people believe that treatments that are natural are somehow magically safe and effective. Antifungal Assay The antifungal activity was determined by disk diffusion method [ 2526 ].

Piperonylic acid was purchased from commercial sources Aristollchia and used without further purification. Each fraction was concentrated under reduced pressure to a constant weight to give the corresponding n -hexane fraction 0.

Views Read Edit View history. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. Due to its resemblance to the uterus, the doctrine of signatures held that birthwort was useful in childbirth. In traditional Chinese medicine Aristolochia species are used for certain forms of acute arthritis and edema.

Aristolochia is a genus of evergreen and bracteat lianas woody vines and herbaceous perennials. Many required renal transplantation or dialysis. This highlights the importance of M. Therefore, hit-to-lead exploration is necessary to identify related compounds with low toxicity, low cost, and improved potency that can replace the use of the harmful crude plant material.