Accessible FormNet`s virtual handholder guides the user to accurately complete, save, e-sign and electronically submit the form or just the Extensible Markup. To create an accessible online form, you must ensure that all form fields have accurate labels or prompts so screen reader users know what each field is asking . Intercon’s Accessible FormNet facilitates document automation and form preparation, offering a fast way to publish and make any form accessible online.

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Form Instructions

This will be explained further below. Following are a few techniques for accomplishing this. Acessible all user interface components including but not limited to: Ensuring that id attributes are unique on a Web page. Screen readers will announce both the label and help text when the form field has focus. Ensuring that a contrast ratio of at least 4.

Labels or instructions are provided when content requires user input. Forms typically have labels or prompts that are obvious to sighted users, but their association with particular form fields is made based on visual cues, such as relative position and proximity to the field.

It is critical to include form instructions in ways that can be read aloud. At the time of writing this tutorial, web browsers usually display the placeholder fkrm in a color that does not meet the minimum contrast requirement of WCAG 2.

However, as forms grow in complexity, screen readers that guess at labels are more likely to guess accfssible, which means users are more likely to complete the form incorrectly. To ensure backward compatibility, the for and id attributes are also used in this flrmnet.


Form Instructions • Forms • WAI Web Accessibility Tutorials

Positioning labels to maximize predictability of relationships H The following code snippet sets the color to a light gray, which has just enough contrast to meet the contrast requirement, assuming the background of the element is white.

Providing descriptive labels G Other screen readers will guess accessble the label, and in this example will probably guess accurately. A variety of creative alternative solutions have been proposed that do not burden the user.

Ensuring that a contrast ratio of at least 7: Web browsers use a combination of color and opacity to achieve this effect. If the placeholder text contains instructional information or examples that disappear, it makes it more difficult for users to check their responses before submitting the form. For simple use cases, providing instructions within labels may be sufficient.

However, if additional help text is available, it can be associated with the form field using formnrt aria-describedby attribute.

Creating Accessible Forms

Headings and labels describe topic or purpose. At the time of writing this tutorial, this approach is not fully supported by all web browsers and assistive technologies, for example, Braille displays. By using aria-describedby to reference the format of the field, this information is made available to the users on request. Jump to the navigation Provide instructions to help users understand how to complete the form and use individual form controls.

This makes sense if the user has been informed of the format before, or when there are lots of input fields with the accessile format, for example. That is, it is not automatically displayed or read aloud. While placeholder text provides valuable guidance for many users, placeholder text is not a replacement for labels. Providing instructions outside of labels allows more flexible positioning and design, but sometimes it can be missed. In most web browsers the color of the placeholder can be styled using proprietary CSS selectors.


For groups of related fields such as radio buttons and checkboxes, each form field must have a label as described in the previous section.

Using label elements to associate text labels with forrmnet controls H This same approach can be used to avoid visual redundancy of displaying both labels and placeholder text. Information, structure, and relationships conveyed through presentation can be programmatically determined or gorm available in text. To create an accessible online form, you must ensure that all form fields have accurate labels or prompts so screen reader users know what each field is asking for.

For example, indicate any required and optional input, allowed data formats, and timing limitations.

Extra help can be found immediately after each field. Be aware that this makes it very hard for users to review the form. Labels and prompts must all be created in a way that explicitly associates them with their corresponding form fields. Placeholder text provides instructions or an example of the required data format inside form fields that have not yet been edited by the user. Moreover, at the time of writing this tutorial, placeholder text is not broadly supported across assistive technologies and not displayed in older web browsers.